Central India

Overview/History

The East Indian region consists of 4 states- Bihar, Bengal, Orrisa and Jharkhand. All of these states lie on the cost on Bay of Bengal over the Indo-Gangetic plains. Kolkata in Bengal is the third largest metropolitan area in India an also one of the most populous. Jharkhand is a mineral rich highly forested state. Bihar and Jharkhand have seen rapid growth post-independence as mineral and steel industry hubs. Orrisa is the heartland of Odissi dance and music.

Culture

The majority of people in East India are Hindus. Bengali is the most spoken language in Bengal, Odia in Orrisa. Hindi, Bhojpuri are spoken most in Bihar and Jharkhand. Durga and Kali are patron Goddesses  in Bengal. Jagganath and Vishnu are worshiped in Orrisa and Rama and Hanuman are revered in Bihar and Jharkhand. Food cuisine in Bengal and Orrisa is usually non vegetarian with fish, rice and vegetables. Of all the east states Orrisa is most culturally rich in form on music and dance. Odissi dance and Odissi Music are as old as 2nd Century BCE.tc1

 

 

Education Center

Bihar, Orissa and Bengal are pioneers of Educational institutions in India. Nalanda(Bihar), Puspagiri(Orissa) and Vikramshila universities were the famed institutions of higher learning in ancient India. The eastern states boast a cluster of higher education institutions like IIT, IIM, AIIMS,  NIT, IIP,NLU,XLRI. Patna is a hot hub of coaching centres for entrance exams as well.

Industry

Bihar and Jharkhand is a powerhouse of Mineral mining and steel plan of national level like Durgapur Steel plant, Bokaro steel plant etc.

Places of Interests

Religious places of interest are Jagganath temple in Orrisa. Konark temple in Orrisa is also one of UNESCO’s heritage site. Bihar Sharif is an important pilgrimage centre for Muslims all over Bihar. Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a famous historical Kali temple in West Bengal. Kalighat Kali temple in Kolkata is the most important of all Shakti Peethas in India. Bodh Gaya is the city sacred to Buddhism.

Jharkhand has an abundance of Natural forests from Biodiversity research perspective. Bengal has famous beaches like Cox and Digha and British Architectures in the form of Victoria Memorial and Writers building. Darjeeling is also a summer spot in Bengal as a hill station.tc 2

References

https://www.andbeyond.com/destinations/asia/india/central-india/

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West India

Overview

The Western part of India constitutes of the westmost states of india- Gujrat, Maharashtra, Goa and Union territories Daman and Diu ; Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The Western regions of India are Industry dominated with most residents falling under the bracket of Urban population. Geographically, West India  is surrounded by Vindhya mountain ranges in the east; Thar desert in the north, Arabian Sea in the west and Deccan plateau on the south.PP1

 

States

Goa is the state with highest literacy rate in West India. It is also the beach party destination of India with thousands of foreigners throbbing in December to ring in the New Year. Goa also had India first English medium school and India’s first medical college. Gujarat consist of primarily Parsi and Sindhi Business class prominent into diamond and textile trading, Gujarat is the birth place of father of the Nation-Mahatma Gandhi and is a non-alcohol (dry) state. Maharashtra is the Finance and Cinema (Bollywood) capital of the country. It takes pride in its history as an epicentre of Maratha Empire and has several places marked by its famous ruler’s name-Shivaji.P P

Climate

The climate in the western region falls under the category of tropical wet and semi-arid.Summers are hot with temperatures rising up to 40 degrees Celsius and winters are mild with minimum temperature of 12 degrees Celsius.

Culture

Culturally Goa , Gujarat and Maharashtra is a curious mix with Goa being predominated with Portuguese influenced, Gujarat being Persian influenced and Maharashtra being Marathi influenced. Goa mostly has rice and seafood as staple where Gujarati food is exclusively vegetarian. Staples in Maharashtra are poha, vada pao, pao bhaji etc. Ganesh Chaturthi is a popular festival in Maharashtra and Gujurat.PP 2

Places of Interest

Western India is abound with places of travel like Gateway of India, Sidhivinayaak temple as a Hindu place of worship, Haji Aali Daragah a muslim tomb located in Mumbai, Historic Ajanta and Ellora caves  flourishing in Auranagabad are a sight to behold. Pune is a travel destination since it is West India’s cultural hubs and  houses famous educational institutions. Gujarat welcomes tourists w=to its famous Gir forest safari and the rann of kutch for its white land escapade. Goa is the home of country’s best beaches and churches. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are excellent centres to study Portuguese enclaves and influence of Portuguese food and architecture in India.

References

https://www.maxholidays.com/india/western-india.html

http://indiavivid.com/states-of-india/west/

East India

Overview/History

The north eastern most region on India constitutes the cluster of sever states nicknames as the seven sisters- Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.

East India shares border with Tibet, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Bhutan. Kangchenjunga, the third highest mountain peak in the world rising to an altitude of 8,586 m (28,169 ft), lies in-between the state Sikkim and adjacent country Nepal. The area has 1/5 of India total reserve of Natural gas and petroleum.

States

Arunachal Pradesh is the current residing state of religious leader Dalai Lama. Mizoram is the leading producer of Bamboo in the country. Assam is known for world’s oldest refinery DigBoi and tea plantations. Meghalaya receives the highest rainfall in the country and has the cleanest village in India.PHOTO 1

Culture

The North east region of India is the most musically active region in India. Music festivals like the famous Hornbill festival in Kohima abound all through the year. With over 200 languages and 220 ethnicities, a variety of musical styles being showcased is no surprise. Sattriya (from Assam) and Manipuri dance (from Manipur) have been listed as classical dances of India. All of these states have representations in the art of wood carving, bamboo and cane handicrafts and cotton textile fabrics.PHOTO 2

Climate

The seven sisters falls in a mega earthquake prone zone. The climate constitutes of mild summer, cold winters and extreme rainfall. The area has around 17 National parks to explore.

Places of Interests

Loktak lake is the Keibul lamjao National Park-Manipur, is home to the Brow Antler Deer or Sangai and is also the only Floating National Park in the world. Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura is full of scenic beauties of mountains, lakes and natural scenery. Assam becomes a one point stop for tea plantations.PHOTO 5

References

http://achhikhabre.com/north-east-india-interesting-facts/

 

South India

Overview

South India know by a string of names like Deccan/Dakhin/Karnad dates back to as old as 8000 BCE. South India land mass contributes to 19% (635,780 km2 or 245,480 sq mi) of India’s Land area. It gives India its V shaped peninsular demeanour as it is surrounded with Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal on the west, south and east side respectively.photo

States

It comprises of states Andhra Pradesh-the state which gave India, most number of its presidents and houses India’s oldest city Amravati, Karnataka-housing India’s IT hub Bangalore and india’s 85% silk producer , Kerala-the state with 94% literacy rate, Tamil Nadu-the creative ground of Sangam Literature, Telangana-India’s newly formed 29th state as well as Union territories Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands- the marine life destination and Pondicherry-the France of India. South India comprises of world class metropolitans as well-while Hyderabad and Bangalore are IT hubs, with many giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft etc; Chennai and Visakhapatnam have been hubs for trade and commerce for centuries.

Culture 

The largest linguistic group in South India is the Dravidian family of languages.The major languages spoken include Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam. Hinduism is the most followed religion and houses on of the 4 Char dhams-Rameshwaram. Rice and fish are staple diet in South India. South India is Coconut and Spice Hub of India. South India is home to several distinct dance forms such as Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Kerala Natanam, Koodiyattam, Kuchipudi, Margamkali, Mohiniaattam, Oppana, Ottamthullal, Theyyam, Vilasini Natyam and Yakshagana. The dance, clothing and sculptures of South India exemplify the beauty of the body and motherhood.photo 2

Places of Interest

South India hosts 9 of the 32 UNESCO World heritage sites. The region is filled with architectural marvels; whether it is the Nizami architecture of Hyderabad; Kakatiya architecture in Warangal or the temples in Tanjore. Sree Ananthapadmanabha Swamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala is known as the ‘Richest Temple in the World’ and is valued at a staggering $22.3 billion in all. Other sites to visit are Mysore Palace (Karnataka) for its grandeur, Mahabalipuram and Madurai temples-Tamil Nadu, Alleppey-Kerala for its back waters and canals, Munnar-Kerela for tea and coffee plantations, CharMinar(Andhra Pradesh) for its architecture, Andaman and Nicobar islands for its biodiversity and white sand beaches etc.photo 3

References 

http://www.quickgs.com/interesting-facts-about-karnataka/

http://www.quickgs.com/interesting-facts-about-kerala/

 

NORTH INDIA

Overview/History

Clubbed primarily into Indo-Gangetic plans and Himalayas, Northern India constitutes of India’s most culturally, climatically and historically exciting regions. Spanning from the state with the lowest temperature-Jammu and Kashmir, it spreads down to include states Himachal Pradesh- the vessel of summer hills stations, Punjab- the land of 5 rivers, Uttar Pradesh-the ground of 1857 mutiny, Delhi-the national capital, Chandigarh-India first planned city, Haryana-the land of Mahabharata, Uttarakhand-the mouth of Ganges and Yamuna and Rajasthan-the hottest state.

Interestingly North India is also the home of World’s oldest civilisation- Indus valley civilisation/Harrapan civilisation dating as old at 1300 BCE spread across Bronze Age. It was known for its advanced town planning, metallurgical skills and trade.

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Demographic/Geography/climate

Present day Northern India covers an area of 1.421 million km² with temperatures ranging from -45 degrees Celsius to 50 degree Celsius. Hindi is the most spoken language of the region and Hinduism the most dominant religion.

Culture

The culture of this region is mostly impacted from Greek and central Asian invaders. Every invader that has invaded or ruled Northern India has left its imprint on its food and Architecture-predominantly the Mughal Sultanate and British Raj.

Dance forms like Bhangra-Giddha(Punjab),  Kathank(Uttar Pradesh), Ghoomar(rajasthan), Nati(Himachal Pradesh) , Rouf(Jammu Kashmir) with their varied costumes have added the flavour to both to the  eyes and to the feet. Each form has its own charm, grace and energy.

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Places of Interests

Natural Sceneries abound North India with dry places like Thar Desert, Mount Abu, Jaisalmer which are apt for Camel Riding, Jeep Safaris and Royal Palace expeditions.

The snow clad Himalayas with hill stations like Manali, Mussoorie, Shimla, Nainital etc are playgrounds for rafting, trekking, skiing and mountaineering sports.

Several Natural reserves and Natural parks also house in North India such Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Jim Corbett National Park, Keoladeo National Park and Ranthambore National Park.

Places of Pilgrimage like Varanasi, Haridwar, Amarnath are important places of Hindu Worship; Golden Temple in Punjab, Hemkund in Uttrakhand are Sikh shrines of importance. Jama Masjid (Delhi) is the largest Mosque in India,Ajmer Dargah(Rajasthan)is one of the most revered sites of Sufi Islam.  Uttar Pradesh and Himachal also hosts several Buddhist places (Bodh Gaya, Sarnath) of regard.

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In Agra, Uttar Pradhesh also sits one of the 7 wonders of the world-Taj Mahal. North India also has a span of UNESCO World Heritage sites like- Golden temple, Fatehpur Sikri,valley of flowers, Humayun’s tomb, Qutab Minar,Mountain railways of India, Chandigarh etc.

With such varied climates and cultural opportunities, North India is open for travel and tourism for all 12 months of the year.