The East Indian region consists of 4 states- Bihar, Bengal, Orrisa and Jharkhand. All of these states lie on the cost on Bay of Bengal over the Indo-Gangetic plains. Kolkata in Bengal is the third largest metropolitan area in India an also one of the most populous. Jharkhand is a mineral rich highly forested state. Bihar and Jharkhand have seen rapid growth post-independence as mineral and steel industry hubs. Orrisa is the heartland of Odissi dance and music.
The majority of people in East India are Hindus. Bengali is the most spoken language in Bengal, Odia in Orrisa. Hindi, Bhojpuri are spoken most in Bihar and Jharkhand. Durga and Kali are patron Goddesses in Bengal. Jagganath and Vishnu are worshiped in Orrisa and Rama and Hanuman are revered in Bihar and Jharkhand. Food cuisine in Bengal and Orrisa is usually non vegetarian with fish, rice and vegetables. Of all the east states Orrisa is most culturally rich in form on music and dance. Odissi dance and Odissi Music are as old as 2nd Century BCE.
Bihar, Orissa and Bengal are pioneers of Educational institutions in India. Nalanda(Bihar), Puspagiri(Orissa) and Vikramshila universities were the famed institutions of higher learning in ancient India. The eastern states boast a cluster of higher education institutions like IIT, IIM, AIIMS, NIT, IIP,NLU,XLRI. Patna is a hot hub of coaching centres for entrance exams as well.
Bihar and Jharkhand is a powerhouse of Mineral mining and steel plan of national level like Durgapur Steel plant, Bokaro steel plant etc.
Places of Interests
Religious places of interest are Jagganath temple in Orrisa. Konark temple in Orrisa is also one of UNESCO’s heritage site. Bihar Sharif is an important pilgrimage centre for Muslims all over Bihar. Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a famous historical Kali temple in West Bengal. Kalighat Kali temple in Kolkata is the most important of all Shakti Peethas in India. Bodh Gaya is the city sacred to Buddhism.
Jharkhand has an abundance of Natural forests from Biodiversity research perspective. Bengal has famous beaches like Cox and Digha and British Architectures in the form of Victoria Memorial and Writers building. Darjeeling is also a summer spot in Bengal as a hill station.